Nova A.
Nova A.

Thesis Format | Detailed Step-by-Step Guide With Examples

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Published on: Oct 10, 2021

Last updated on: Jan 3, 2023

Thesis Format

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Writing a thesis can be challenging and time-consuming, but it's made easier with the help of those who have gone before this.

Learning all there is to know about formatting requirements will make the journey smoother for struggling students.

If you plan to submit a thesis proposal, it is always better if the supervisor can help with the thesis format and writing style. Any deviations from their guidelines may lead to your work being rejected.

Refer to this guide if you're working on your thesis and need guidance about formatting a thesis. We will help get you on the right track with writing your own thesis with perfect formatting. So let’s get this started.

Thesis Format Definition

Thesis format is a set of rules you should follow to plan, structure, and organize your main ideas. It should have an organized flow with clear connections between all sections; otherwise, reading what was written can be difficult at times.

The structure is what the supervisor will notice first when going through your essays, papers, or thesis. So, you must follow a proper format while writing any paper.

The importance of formatting cannot be overstated, and it's especially crucial when writing a thesis. If you fail to format your thesis correctly, there is no guarantee that you will get a good grade.

What is the Proper Thesis Format?

The most common thesis format has four major sections.

Section 1 - Preliminary Pages

  • Title page (required)
  • Dedication (optional)
  • Acknowledgment (optional)
  • Abstract (required)
  • Table of contents (required)
  • List of tables (required)
  • List of figures (required)
  • List of abbreviations (optional)

Section 2 - Text

  • Introduction (referred to as Chapter 1)
  • Body of Thesis

Section 3 - References/ Bibliography (required)

Section 4 - Appendices (optional)

Below the sections of the thesis paper format are explained in detail.

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Preliminary Pages

Preliminary pages are the preface that comes before your main chapters. They help divide up various sections logically and keep things organized for readers.

The main sections of the preliminary pages are as follows.

  • Title Page

    The title page of your thesis serves as a basic introduction to what you will be demonstrating in the following pages.

    Moreover, the following elements must be included on a title page:

    However, never mention a page number on this page.

  • Dedication

    Dedication is one of the preliminary pages you can include in your thesis. This page includes a dedication to someone like professors, family, or friends.

    It's optional, but it should be numbered with Roman numerals if you add.

  • Acknowledgment

    An acknowledgment page is a place for thanking the people who have made your research possible. These may include your supervisor, advisors, and parents, who assisted you in producing successful thesis work.

  • Abstract

    The abstract is a short, concise way of explaining your research in just 150 words or less. It should briefly summarize the methodology, research problem, conclusion, and results.

  • Table of Contents

    The table of contents is an easy way to navigate your thesis. The table of contents list contains headings and subheadings that correspond with the page numbers. The center bottom of each page must carry a number in Roman numerals.

    When writing the thesis, make sure to use double spacing and follow the supervisor's format.

  • List of Tables

    Tables are a type of reference tool that includes table titles and numbers. It's a great way to organize and present tabulated data.

    The tables are an essential part of the thesis page because they allow readers to navigate large amounts of data quickly. Moreover, it is similar to creating a table of contents and includes page numbers so you can find what you need with ease!

    Include page numbers in Roman numerals and double spacing for an engaging presentation.

  • List of Figures

    Figures are one of the most important aspects of a thesis because they provide a visual representation. Therefore, the list should include both figure titles and numbers, which follow a specific format for each chapter to make comparisons easy.

    Images, charts, maps, drawings, and graphs are examples of figures. Moreover, tables and figures adhere to the same thesis format.

  • List of Abbreviations

    The list of abbreviations includes unknown words, symbols, acronyms, and their meanings. These can be in various fields and languages, such as Latin and English abbreviations.

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Main Text

The text is divided into well-defined sections and chapters that discuss the analysis of your thesis. Additionally, it should begin with page 1 in Arabic numerals.

The main chapters of the text are listed below.

  • 1. Thesis Introduction

    The first chapter of your thesis project is often referred to as an introduction. It should state the following aspects:

    • The purpose of the study
    • The problem being researched
    • The research background (context and importance)
    • Previous research by other scholars
    • A methodological approach for conducting the research
    • Research success criteria
  • 2. Body of Thesis

    The following are the main body's important components.

    • Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework will discuss the research problem within a theory. Moreover, it is likely to further develop your methodology on existing theories that have proven successful in past studies.
    • Methodological Procedures: Identify and explain methodologies and designs used to carry out the thesis project. Likewise, visuals can illustrate the testing procedures in this section.
    • Findings: Tables and graphs are frequently used to present the findings. You can also define the outcome patterns by assessing their precision.
    • Discussion: This section will go over the findings and their significance in depth. You can also relate the outcomes to the corresponding theories.
  • 3. Thesis Conclusion

    The major components of a thesis conclusion are as follows.

    • Create a Summary of Your Research - The research summary begins by providing a brief overview of the methodology and findings.

      Then, it goes over these results to connect them with your problem statement before ending on an optimistic note for future studies in this area!

    • Evaluating Your Study - This section will evaluate the success of your work based on the criteria you set out in the introduction. It's also designed to discuss how well the results met your expectations.
    • Mention Your Contributions - Your research contributes to the field and will be highlighted in this section! In addition, you can specify how your study fills an existing gap or problem.
    • Recommendation - Share how the findings confirmed or challenged an existing theory and recommend future research.


This section includes an alphabetical listing of all the sources used in the study.

Follow the institution's bibliography, footnote, and thesis reference format guidelines.

The average length of a referencing section is more than two pages. Subdivide it into categories and sections if you have a long referencing section. It must be based on the source type (journals, books, etc.) or period.

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The appendices are a crucial part of your paper. They provide data, calculations, and procedures that must be included for the reader to understand all steps in detail.

Furthermore, assign a letter (A, B, or C), a title, and an introductory paragraph to each appendix.

Thesis Format Sample

For a better understanding, consider the following thesis format template examples. These thesis templates will surely help you write the perfect thesis paper.

Hopefully, these research thesis format templates will help you write the best thesis paper.

Thesis Paper Formatting Tips

Here are some useful tips to perfectly format a thesis paper.

  • Write in simple and short words that the readers can easily understand.
  • Make sure you use A4 page size, and you can write the thesis format in word.
  • The text should have 1.5 line spacing, and the quotations should have single spacing.
  • In headings and titles, capitalize the first letter of the important words. Do not alter the all-caps style used for acronyms, such as AIDS.
  • The most common font styles and sizes are Times New Roman 12pt and Arial 11pt.
  • The top/bottom margin should be 1 inch, and the right/left margin should be 1.25 inches.
  • Use the citation style that your instructor has recommended. It may include APA, MLA, and Chicago citations.
  • Except for the title page, all pages must be numbered in Roman numerals. It must be centered at the bottom of each page.
  • Italics are used for writing journals and book titles.
  • Headings and subheadings should be in bold text within the text.

A thesis is a challenging assignment for any student. It requires plenty of time, but the result should be well worth it!

Students who are stressed out by the tight deadlines may write a low-quality thesis.

Don't jeopardize your grades! Hire a professional writer who is dedicated and experienced in his field. is the best essay writing service that meets high standards and offers a wide range of creative services. Our expert writers can help you stand out from your competition!

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Nova A.


Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

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