Nova A.
Nova A.

Thesis Writing 101: Everything You Need to Know

12 min read

Published on: Sep 28, 2021

Last updated on: Feb 6, 2024

Thesis Writing

A thesis is a special kind of research paper that you do at the end of your master's program or as a final project for your bachelor's degree. 

Writing a thesis can be a daunting task for many students. Especially if they're new to academic research or have limited experience with long-form writing, but with the right approach, it doesn't have to be stressful.

In this blog, we'll explore thesis writing in research methodology. We will provide you with expert advice, step-by-step guidance, and proven strategies to help you excel. Whether you're just getting started or looking to refine your skills, you'll find valuable insights to help you write an effective thesis.

So, let's dive in!

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Thesis Writing Vs. Thesis Statement 

We often mix up the terms "thesis" and "thesis statement," but they're actually two separate things in academic writing.

A thesis statement is a brief summary found in the introduction of an essay, typically one or two sentences, outlining the key points of the academic paper.

On the other hand, a thesis is an extensive academic document that requires more than a full semester to complete. It is a mandatory component for Master's programs and is occasionally necessary for the fulfillment of a bachelor's degree in liberal arts colleges. 

The thesis involves in-depth research and serves as a comprehensive showcase of a student's understanding of a particular subject.

Note: The terms "thesis" and "dissertation" are occasionally used interchangeably, but their meanings vary across countries. In the United States, a dissertation typically marks the culmination of a Ph.D. program. Conversely, in other countries like the UK, a dissertation is often associated with bachelor's or master's level studies.

How Long Should a Thesis Be?

We often hear that the length of a thesis varies from project to project. However, it also largely depends on your university department and field of study. 

A bachelor's thesis typically consists of 5000-7000 words, while a master's thesis consists of 9000-10,000 words.

However, a PhD thesis should be written in less than 80,000 words, which are roughly 250-200 pages long.

For the sake of brevity, it is necessary to avoid including unnecessary and repetitive information. Remember that these pages contain all the text and referencing lists except appendices.

How To Structure a Thesis?

The thesis format involves careful consideration of various elements. The final layout is dependent on various factors such as discipline, topic, and theoretical approach. 

The thesis writing format can broadly vary, but here are the four main sections:

Section 1 - Preliminary Pages 

  • Title page (required)
  • Acknowledgements / Preface (optional)
  • Abstract (required)
  • Table of contents (required)
  • List of Figures and Tables (required)
  • List of Abbreviations (optional)
  • Glossary 

Section 2 - Text

  • Introduction (referred to as Chapter 1)
  • Literature review (Chapter 2)
  • Methodology (Chapter 3)
  • Results 
  • Discussion 
  • Conclusion 

Section 3 - References/ Bibliography  (required)

Section 4 - Appendices (optional)

Check out the following template to understand better.

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How to Start a Thesis Writing?

Let's break down the thesis writing process into smaller, manageable steps that can make the process less overwhelming.

Here are some thesis writing steps to help you get started on your journey:

Choose a Topic

Select a topic that aligns with your interests and academic goals. 

Consider its relevance, feasibility, and the availability of research materials. Consult with your advisor or professors to ensure your chosen topic is appropriate for your field of study.

Conduct Preliminary Research

Familiarize yourself with existing literature related to your topic. 

Read scholarly articles, books, and other relevant sources to gain a comprehensive understanding of the subject area. This will help you identify research gaps and develop a strong research question.

Develop a Research Question Or Objective

Formulate a clear research question or objective that will guide your thesis and generate a hypothesis. It should be specific, focused, and capable of being answered or achieved through research. This will serve as the foundation for your entire thesis.

Create a Thesis Proposal

Write a thesis proposal outlining your research objectives, methodology, and expected outcomes. This document will help you communicate your research plan to your advisor and receive valuable feedback before diving into the actual writing process.

Outline your Thesis

Develop a structured outline that organizes your thoughts and establishes a logical flow for your thesis. Identify key sections, such as the introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion. This will serve as a roadmap for your writing process.

How to Write a Thesis?

Writing a thesis involves several key components and stages. Here's a comprehensive guide on how to write a thesis from start to finish:

Title Page

Begin with a title page that includes:

  • Full Title: Clearly state the title of your thesis.
  • Your Full Name: Provide your complete name as the author of the thesis.
  • Department: Specify the academic department to which you belong.
  • Institution and Degree Program: Identify your academic institution and the specific degree program you are enrolled in.
  • Submission Date: Mention the date when you are submitting your thesis.

Additionally, consult your university's guidelines for potential inclusions such as student ID, supervisor's name, or the university logo.

Acknowledgments or Preface

The acknowledgments section in a thesis, while optional, allows you to express gratitude to those who supported you. This can include supervisors, friends, and family. 

Alternatively, you may choose to write a preface, offering insights into the motivation behind your thesis. It's common to select either acknowledgments or a preface, not both.


An abstract is a short summary of your thesis. It is typically limited to around 300 words, and it does not include citations. It provides brief insights into your research objectives, methods, results, and conclusions. 

An excellent abstract answers the following questions: 

  • Why did you do this research?
  • What question were you trying to answer? 
  • What methods did you use to do this research? 
  • What are your findings? 
  • How will your research contribute to the field area?

Tip: The ideal time to compose your abstract is after you've concluded your entire thesis.

Table of Contents

Think of the table of contents as a roadmap for your thesis. It's like a list that tells your reader where to find each section, along with the page numbers. This helps them easily move around and find what they're looking for.

Remember to include all the big parts of your thesis in the table of contents, including any extra stuff at the end, like appendices. If you used heading styles (those formatting options like "Heading 1" or "Heading 2" in MS Word), you can let the computer generate the table of contents automatically.

List of Figures and Tables

While not required, having a list of figures and tables is useful if you've used several in your thesis. This list helps your reader quickly find specific tables and figures in your document. 

In Word, you can easily create this list using the "Insert Caption" feature. Ensure to follow your university's guidelines for any specific requirements regarding the inclusion of a list of figures and tables.

List of Abbreviations

Include a list of abbreviations used in your thesis to help readers understand acronyms and shortened forms. This provides clarity and ensures a smoother reading experience. If you've used specific terms that might be unfamiliar, list them along with their full meanings.


Consider adding a glossary to your thesis, especially if it involves technical or specialized terms. The glossary provides definitions and explanations for terms that may be unfamiliar to your readers, enhancing their understanding of your work.

Thesis Introduction

The thesis introduction is the opening section, setting the stage for your research. It introduces the topic, provides background information, and outlines the objectives of your study. Moreover, it clearly explains the "what, why, and how" of your research in the introduction.

Additionally, the introduction often includes a thesis statement or research question, giving readers an idea of what to expect in the rest of the document.

Literature Review

Conduct a comprehensive literature review to gain a deeper understanding of existing academic work on your topic. This involves carefully selecting relevant sources, evaluating their credibility, and critically assessing each one. 

Look for connections between sources, such as themes, patterns, conflicts, or gaps.


The methodology section describes the research methods and techniques you employed in your study. The reader must understand how you gathered information and drew conclusions, ensuring the validity and reliability of your research. 

Common elements that need to be included in a methodology section include:

  • Research Design: Describe the overall plan or strategy for your study, such as experimental design, survey methods, case study, etc.
  • Participants or Subjects: Detail the characteristics of the individuals or entities involved in your study, including any demographic information.
  • Data Collection: Specify the methods used to gather data, whether through surveys, interviews, experiments, observations, or other means.
  • Data Analysis: Explain the techniques employed to analyze the collected data, such as statistical methods, qualitative analysis, or other approaches.
  • Ethical Considerations: Address any ethical concerns related to your research, including participant consent, confidentiality, and other relevant ethical guidelines.


Present the findings of your study based on the methodology you employed in this section. Focus on reporting the outcomes without introducing new arguments or speculations.

Key elements of the results section include:

  • Presentation of Results: Clearly state each relevant result, providing descriptive statistics (e.g., mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (e.g., test statistics, p values).
  • Relation to Research Question: Explain how each result is connected to the original research question, demonstrating the significance of your findings.
  • Hypothesis Evaluation: Assess whether your results support or contradict the initial hypotheses, maintaining objectivity in your interpretation.
  • Use of Visual Aids: Include tables and figures if they enhance the reader's understanding of your results. Avoid unnecessary visual elements and only include what is crucial for clarity.

If you have additional data, such as raw numbers or interview transcripts, consider including them in an appendix for interested readers.


Analyze and interpret your results in the context of existing literature. 

Discuss the implications of your findings, highlighting their significance and contribution to the field. Address any limitations or potential areas for further research.


Summarize your main findings and their implications. 

Restate your thesis statement and discuss the overall significance of your study. Reflect on the research process and offer suggestions for future research directions.


The reference list, also known as the bibliography, is a compilation of all the sources cited in your thesis. It provides full details about each reference, allowing readers to locate and verify the sources you used in your research. 

Follow a consistent citation style (e.g., APA, MLA) specified by your academic institution. Make sure to cite the sources correctly. 


Include any supplementary materials such as surveys, interview transcripts, or additional data that support your thesis but are not included in the main body.

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Thesis Writing Example

We have put together a brief compilation of examples of theses to assist you in getting started.

Take a look at these thesis examples to understand how they're structured and formatted. They can offer helpful ideas for your own thesis writing.

Tips for Effective Thesis Writing

Writing a thesis requires careful planning, organization, and attention to detail. Here are some valuable tips to enhance your thesis writing process and produce a high-quality document:

  • Plan your time wisely: Start early and create a realistic schedule to manage your research, writing, and revisions effectively.
  • Understand the guidelines: Familiarize yourself with the formatting, citation style, and specific requirements set by your institution.
  • Organize your thoughts: Develop a clear and logical structure for your thesis, including sections such as introduction, literature review, methodology, etc. Clear any questions in mind. 
  • Write clearly and concisely: Use precise and concise language to communicate your ideas effectively. Avoid jargon and ensure your writing is accessible to a broader audience.
  • Revise and proofread: Review your thesis multiple times for grammar, spelling, and coherence. Seek feedback from peers or advisors to improve the clarity and quality of your work.
  • Stay organized: Keep track of your sources, data, and any additional materials. Create a system to organize your research findings and citations for easy referencing.
  • Seek guidance and feedback: Consult with your advisor or mentors throughout the process. Their insights and suggestions can enhance the overall quality of your thesis.

To Sum it Up!

Writing a thesis can be a demanding yet rewarding journey that showcases your research skills and intellectual capabilities. By following the tips and guidelines provided in this blog, you can approach thesis writing with confidence.

Remember to start early and maintain a clear and logical structure throughout your thesis.

Seek guidance from advisors and peers, and remain persistent and resilient in the face of challenges.

At, we understand the importance of a well-written thesis in your academic journey, which is why we provide essay help at affordable rates. 

So, don't wait! Get in touch with our research paper writing service today!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the most important part of thesis writing?

An abstract is the most important part of a thesis. It includes what you are researching, why it matters to society, and how your work will contribute to solving that problem. 

What are the 5 chapters of a thesis?

The main five chapters of the thesis are: 

  • Introduction 
  • Literature review 
  • Methods 
  • Result 
  • Discussion 
Nova A.


Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

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