Nova A.
Nova A.

Thesis Writing 101: Everything You Need to Know

14 min read

Published on: Sep 28, 2021

Last updated on: Jul 18, 2023

Thesis Writing

Writing a thesis can be a daunting task for many students. Especially if they're new to academic research or have limited experience with long-form writing. 

The complexity of the process can leave many feeling overwhelmed and unsure where to start. However, with the right approach thesis writing doesn't have to be a stressful experience. 

In this blog, we'll demystify the thesis writing process. We will provide you with expert advice, step-by-step guidance, and proven strategies to help you excel. 

Whether you're just getting started or looking to refine your skills, you'll find valuable insights to help you write a compelling and effective thesis.

So, let's dive in and unlock the secrets to thesis writing!

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What is Thesis Writing?

Thesis writing is a critical academic task that typically marks the culmination of a student's research and learning journey. 

It involves the creation of a comprehensive document that presents an original argument or research findings on a specific topic. It also serves as a demonstration of a student's mastery in their field of study.

Like any other academic assignment, it requires careful planning, rigorous research, and effective writing skills.

How Long Should a Thesis Be?

We often hear that the length of a thesis varies from project to project. However, it also largely depends on your university department and field of study. 

A bachelor's thesis typically consists of 5000-7000 words, while a Master’s thesis consists of 9000-10,000 words.

However, a PhD thesis should be written in less than 80,000 words which are roughly 250-200 pages long.

For the sake of brevity, it is necessary to avoid including unnecessary and repetitive information. Remember that these pages contain all the text and referencing lists except appendices.

Thesis Writing Format

The thesis writing format is designed like other research and term papers. Here are the four main sections of a thesis format.

Section 1 - Preliminary Pages 

  • Title page (required)
  • Dedication (optional)
  • Acknowledgment (optional)
  • Abstract (required)
  • Table of contents (required)
  • List of tables (required)
  • List of figures (required)
  • List of abbreviations (optional)

Section 2 - Text

  • Introduction (referred to as Chapter 1)
  • Body of Thesis

Section 3 - References/ Bibliography  (required)

Section 4 - Appendices (optional)

Check out the following template to understand better.

Writing a Thesis Proposal

A proposal is a detailed summary of the thesis research work that you plan to do. It also includes an outline and layout of your study's methods, questions, and problem statement.

Following are the sections of proposal thesis writing:

  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Theoretical framework
  • Research question
  • Methodological designs
  • References

Expert Tip

Feeling stuck? Here’s a complete guide on writing a thesis proposal.

How to Start a Thesis Writing?

Starting a thesis can be intimidating, but breaking it down into smaller, manageable steps can make the process less overwhelming.

Here are some essential steps to help you get started on your thesis:

Choose a Topic

Select a topic that aligns with your interests and academic goals. 

Consider its relevance, feasibility, and the availability of research materials. Consult with your advisor or professors to ensure your chosen topic is appropriate for your field of study.

Conduct Preliminary Research

Familiarize yourself with existing literature related to your topic. 

Read scholarly articles, books, and other relevant sources to gain a comprehensive understanding of the subject area. This will help you identify research gaps and develop a strong research question.

Develop a Research Question Or Objective

Formulate a clear research question or objective that will guide your thesis. It should be specific, focused, and capable of being answered or achieved through research. This will serve as the foundation for your entire thesis.

Create a Thesis Proposal

Write a thesis proposal outlining your research objectives, methodology, and expected outcomes. This document will help you communicate your research plan to your advisor and receive valuable feedback before diving into the actual writing process.

Outline your Thesis

Develop a structured outline that organizes your thoughts and establishes a logical flow for your thesis. Identify key sections, such as the introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion. This will serve as a roadmap for your writing process.

Gather Research Materials

Collect the necessary research materials, including scholarly articles, books, data, or any other relevant sources. Ensure you have access to all the resources required to support your research and arguments.

How to Write a Thesis?

Writing a thesis involves several key components and stages. Here's a comprehensive guide on how to write a thesis from start to finish:

Title Page

Begin with a title page that includes the title of your thesis, your name, academic institution, department, and date. Follow it with an abstract, a concise summary of your thesis, highlighting its purpose, methodology, key findings, and implications.


An abstract is a short summary of the paper. It should be 250 words long, and it does not include citations. 

  • An excellent abstract answers the following questions: 
  • Why did you do this research?
  • What question were you trying to answer? 
  • What methods did you use to do this research? 
  • What are your findings? 
  • How will your research contribute to the field area?

Thesis Introduction

You must have a good thesis statement to answer the research questions. This is called the introduction. It should be divided into logical segments with subheads. The introduction should include background information and problems in order to explain your research findings fully.

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Start your thesis with an engaging introduction that provides background information on your topic, states the research problem, and outlines the objectives and significance of your study. 

Clearly present your thesis statement.

Expert Tip

If you’re struggling to write an introduction, check out this blog on writing thesis introduction

Literature Review

Conduct a thorough review of relevant literature in your field. Summarize existing research, identify gaps, and explain how your thesis contributes to the existing knowledge. Analyze and critically evaluate different viewpoints and theories.


Describe the research methods and techniques you employed in your study. 

Explain the data collection methods, sampling procedures, and any tools or instruments used. Justify why these methods are appropriate for addressing your research question.


Present your findings in a clear and organized manner. 

Use tables, graphs, or charts to illustrate data, and provide detailed explanations and interpretations. Ensure your results directly address your research question or hypotheses.


Analyze and interpret your results in the context of existing literature. 

Discuss the implications of your findings, highlighting their significance and contribution to the field. Address any limitations or potential areas for further research.


Summarize your main findings and their implications. 

Restate your thesis statement and discuss the overall significance of your study. Reflect on the research process and offer suggestions for future research directions.


Include a list of all sources cited in your thesis. Follow the appropriate citation style (APA, MLA, etc.) specified by your institution.


Include any supplementary materials such as surveys, interview transcripts, or additional data that support your thesis but are not included in the main body.

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Thesis Writing Example

To better understand the process of thesis writing, let's explore a hypothetical example:

Title: The Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Stress Reduction


This study examines the impact of mindfulness meditation on reducing stress levels. A comprehensive review of existing literature on mindfulness and stress management serves as the foundation for the research. The study employs a mixed-methods approach, combining self-report questionnaires and statistical analysis to measure stress levels before and after mindfulness meditation sessions. The results demonstrate significant reductions in perceived stress levels among participants, highlighting the potential benefits of incorporating mindfulness practices into stress management programs.


Stress has become a prevalent issue in modern society, necessitating effective stress management techniques. Mindfulness meditation has gained increasing attention as a potential strategy for stress reduction. This study aims to investigate the effects of mindfulness meditation on stress levels, with the objective of providing valuable insights into its efficacy as a stress management tool.

Literature Review

Extensive research has explored the relationship between mindfulness meditation and stress reduction. Previous studies have highlighted the positive impact of mindfulness practices on various aspects of mental well-being, including stress reduction. However, there is a need for further investigation into the specific effects of mindfulness meditation on stress levels, particularly in controlled settings and diverse populations.


To examine the effects of mindfulness meditation on stress reduction, a sample of participants will be recruited from diverse backgrounds. The study will employ a pre- and post-intervention design, with participants engaging in regular mindfulness meditation sessions over a specified period. Stress levels will be measured using validated self-report questionnaires administered before and after the intervention. Statistical analysis, including t-tests and effect size calculations, will be conducted to assess the significance of any observed changes.


Preliminary results indicate a significant reduction in self-reported stress levels among participants following the mindfulness meditation intervention. Descriptive statistics and graphical representations of the data illustrate the positive impact of the mindfulness practice on stress reduction. These findings align with previous research, highlighting the potential of mindfulness meditation as an effective stress management technique.


The results of this study contribute to the existing body of knowledge on mindfulness meditation and stress reduction. The observed reductions in stress levels support the integration of mindfulness practices into stress management programs. However, limitations, such as the small sample size and potential bias, should be considered. Further research with larger and more diverse samples is warranted to validate and expand upon these findings.


In conclusion, this study provides empirical evidence supporting the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation in reducing stress levels. The findings underscore the importance of incorporating mindfulness practices into stress management interventions. Future research should explore the long-term effects of mindfulness meditation and investigate its potential benefits in different populations and contexts.

Remember, this is just an example, and the specifics of your thesis will depend on your field of study and research topic. 

For your better understanding, here is a sample of thesis writing for your consideration:

Thesis Writing Topics

When it comes to selecting a thesis writing topic, it is crucial to choose a subject that aligns with your interests and academic goals. Here are some potential thesis writing topics to inspire your research:

  • The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health: Exploring the Relationship Between Social Media Use and Psychological Well-being.
  • Climate Change and its Effects on Biodiversity: Investigating the Impacts of Global Warming on Ecosystems.
  • The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: Assessing the Potential Benefits and Ethical Considerations.
  • Gender Equality in the Workplace: Analyzing the Factors Influencing Gender Pay Gap and Career Advancement Opportunities.
  • Sustainable Urban Development: Examining Strategies for Creating Environmentally Friendly and Livable Cities.
  • The Influence of Parenting Styles on Child Development: Investigating the Effects of Authoritative, Permissive, and Authoritarian Parenting.
  • Cybersecurity in the Digital Age: Evaluating Strategies to Protect Personal and Organizational Data.
  • The Effects of Exercise on Mental Health: Assessing the Relationship between Physical Activity and Psychological Well-being.
  • Sustainable Energy Sources: Analyzing the Viability and Potential of Renewable Energy Technologies.
  • The Impact of Cultural Diversity on Workplace Dynamics: Exploring the Benefits and Challenges of a Multicultural Workforce.

Expert Tip

Struggling to find a compelling topic? Here’s an extensive list of 100+ thesis topics.

Check out this video below for more information!

Tips for Effective Thesis Writing

Writing a thesis requires careful planning, organization, and attention to detail. Here are some valuable tips to enhance your thesis writing process and produce a high-quality document:

  • Plan your time wisely: Start early and create a realistic schedule to manage your research, writing, and revisions effectively.
  • Understand the guidelines: Familiarize yourself with the formatting, citation style, and specific requirements set by your institution.
  • Organize your thoughts: Develop a clear and logical structure for your thesis, including sections such as introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion.
  • Write clearly and concisely: Use precise and concise language to communicate your ideas effectively. Avoid jargon and ensure your writing is accessible to a broader audience.
  • Revise and proofread: Review your thesis multiple times for grammar, spelling, and coherence. Seek feedback from peers or advisors to improve the clarity and quality of your work.
  • Stay organized: Keep track of your sources, data, and any additional materials. Create a system to organize your research findings and citations for easy referencing.
  • Seek guidance and feedback: Consult with your advisor or mentors throughout the process. Their insights and suggestions can enhance the overall quality of your thesis.

Writing a thesis can be a demanding yet rewarding journey that showcases your research skills and intellectual capabilities. By following the tips and guidelines provided in this blog, you can approach thesis writing with confidence.

Remember to start early, and maintain a clear and logical structure throughout your thesis.

Seek guidance from advisors and peers, and remain persistent and resilient in the face of challenges.

At, we understand the importance of a well-written thesis in your academic journey. 

Our team of expert writers is dedicated to assisting you with all your academic writing needs, including thesis writing. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the most important part of thesis writing?

An abstract is the most important part of a thesis. It includes what you are researching, why it matters to society, and how your work will contribute to solving that problem. 

What are the 5 chapters of a thesis?

The main five chapters of the thesis are: 

  • Introduction 
  • Literature review 
  • Methods 
  • Result 
  • Discussion 
Nova A.


Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

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