Cathy A.
Cathy A.

How To Write An Essay - "The Secret To Craft an A+ Essay"

17 min read

Published on: Mar 10, 2023

Last updated on: Jan 29, 2024

how to write an essay

Are you tired of staring at a blank word document that's been open for too long? Struggling to squeeze out any idea related to the essay topic your professor gave you? 

Let’s face it, writing isn't easy; especially when it comes to crafting an essay. 

But don’t worry! The secret to acing your next assignment doesn’t require late night hours and gallons of coffee! 

With the right process and organization, tackling essays can actually be enjoyable - maybe even fun!

So put on your thinking cap, and get ready to learn to craft perfect essays every time!

On This Page

Types of Essays

Essays come in various forms, each serving a unique purpose and requiring a specific approach. 

Understanding the different types of essays is essential for selecting the appropriate style and structure for your writing.

Narrative Essay

Narrative essay tells a story from the author's perspective, often drawing upon personal experiences or observations. 

They aim to engage the reader by creating a vivid and immersive narrative. These essays often focus on conveying a lesson or insight gained from the experience shared.

Descriptive Essay

Descriptive essays aim to paint a vivid picture using sensory details and evocative language. They describe a person, place, object, or event in great detail, enabling the reader to visualise and experience it.

Expository Essay

Expository essays provide factual information, explanations, and analysis on a particular topic. 

They aim to educate and inform the reader about a subject, presenting evidence and supporting arguments. These essays often include a clear thesis statement and present a balanced view by exploring multiple perspectives.

Persuasive Essay

Persuasive essays aim to convince the reader to adopt a specific viewpoint or take a particular course of action. 

They present arguments and evidence to support a claim or persuade the audience of the writer's position. Persuasive essays often employ persuasive techniques such as logical reasoning, emotional appeals, and credible sources.

7 Easy Steps to Write an Essay

Just simply follow the following 8 steps to make sure your essay is always top-notch! 

Step 1: Understand the Assignment

Before diving into the writing process, take the time to thoroughly understand the assignment. 

Read the prompt carefully, highlighting key instructions and identifying the essay's purpose. 

For example, if the prompt asks you to analyze a historical event, make sure you comprehend the specific aspects you need to focus on. This includes the causes, effects, or significance.

Step 2: Brainstorm and Generate Ideas

Next, brainstorm and generate ideas related to your topic. Consider different perspectives, arguments, or examples that support your thesis statement. 

For instance, if your essay is about the impact of social media, you might brainstorm ideas like addiction or cyberbullying.

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Step 3: Create an Outline

An outline provides a framework for organizing your thoughts and ensures that your essay flows logically. 

Divide your essay into an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. 

Each paragraph in the body section should focus on a specific point or argument that supports your thesis. Consider using bullet points or subheadings to further outline your essay.

Here’s an example of a generic outline for your understanding.

Essay Outline

I. Introduction

  • Hook or attention grabber
  • Background information
  • Thesis statement

II. Body Paragraphs

  • Topic sentence for each paragraph
  • Supporting evidence and examples
  •  Analysis and explanation of evidence

III. Conclusion

  • Restate the thesis statement
  • Summarize the main points
  • Final thoughts or suggestions

IV. References or Works Cited (if applicable) 

Step 4: Conduct Research

If your essay requires external sources, conduct thorough research to gather relevant information and evidence. 

Utilize reputable sources such as books, scholarly articles, and reliable websites. 

For instance, if you're writing an essay on the benefits of exercise, you might include research studies and expert opinions.

Step 5: How To Write an Essay - Introduction

The introduction is where you introduce the topic to your readers. You should state your thesis and provide some background information about it. 

This will give the reader a better understanding of the essay’s purpose and help them follow along more easily. 

Follow these 4 tips to make sure your introduction always stands out! 

1. Hook your reader

Hook your reader with an interesting opening line and provide any necessary context for the essay. Try to include something unexpected or provocative – this will make your essay more engaging. 

2. Provide background on your topic

Include any necessary information or context required to understand the essay. This should provide enough background for your reader to follow along easily. 

3. State your thesis statement clearly

Your thesis statement tells the reader what you’ll be discussing in the essay, so it needs to be clear and concise. 

It should also include an argument that you’ll be defending throughout the essay. It should convince your reader regarding the point you are trying to make. 

For example, if you are writing an essay on climate change, your thesis statement could be: 

"Climate change poses a significant threat to global ecosystems due to rising temperatures, melting ice caps, and increased natural disasters."

4. Map the structure of your essay

Outline the primary points you’ll be discussing in your essay. This will help you stay on track while writing and make sure each point is connected to the main thesis. 

Below is an example of an essay introduction on the topic of climate change.

"Climate change has emerged as one of the most pressing global challenges of our time. The increasing frequency of extreme weather events, rising global temperatures, and the undeniable impact on ecosystems and human lives have thrust this issue into the forefront of public consciousness. As we witness the consequences of our actions and the urgency for collective action, it becomes crucial to delve deeper into the causes, implications, and potential solutions to mitigate and adapt to climate change. In this essay, we will explore the key factors driving climate change, examine its wide-ranging effects, and discuss the imperative for immediate action to preserve the health and well-being of our planet for future generations."

Step 6- Writing the Body of Your Essay

The body paragraphs are the heart of your essay. Here, you’ll develop each point and support it with evidence found in reliable sources.

Length of the Body Text

The length of the body should depend on the essay’s complexity and structure. Generally, each point you make will require at least one paragraph. 

For longer essays, more points may be needed to support your argument. 

Provide Evidence

Include facts, quotes, statistics, or other forms of evidence that you reference in your essay. Make sure to cite all sources used according to the format required (MLA, APA, etc.). 

Connect Points Back To Your Thesis Statement

Every point in the body of your essay should be connected back to your main argument or thesis. 

This will keep the essay focused and help the reader understand why each point is important. 

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Paragraph Structure

Each paragraph should start with a topic sentence that introduces the point you’ll be discussing. 

This should be followed by evidence to support your point, and end with a conclusion that ties it back to your thesis. 

Here’s an example of body paragraphs on the topic of climate change.

"First and foremost, the burning of fossil fuels remains one of the primary contributors to climate change. The combustion of coal, oil, and natural gas releases vast amounts of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases trap heat, leading to the warming of the Earth's surface and disruption of delicate climate patterns.

Furthermore, deforestation exacerbates the issue of climate change. Forests act as carbon sinks, absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through photosynthesis. However, rampant deforestation, driven by factors such as urbanisation, agricultural expansion, and logging, not only diminishes the Earth's natural capacity to absorb carbon dioxide but also releases the stored carbon back into the atmosphere.

Additionally, the rapid industrialization and economic growth witnessed in recent decades have resulted in increased greenhouse gas emissions from various sectors. The manufacturing processes, transportation systems, and energy generation associated with industrial development heavily rely on fossil fuels, intensifying the release of greenhouse gases. Moreover, the expansion of agriculture, particularly livestock production, has led to a significant increase in methane emissions, a potent greenhouse gas.”

Step 7: How To Write an Essay Conclusion

The conclusion wraps up your essay by summing up the main points and restating your thesis. 

This is a great opportunity to leave a lasting impression on your reader. Follow these three tips to ensure your conclusion is bold and engaging always!

1. Restate your thesis

Start off by briefly restating the main points of your essay, as well as stating your argument or thesis again. This will serve as a good reminder for the reader of what you’ve discussed. 

2. Provide a summary

Summarize the evidence and points you made throughout the essay to support your argument. This will remind your reader why it matters and how it proves your point. 

3. Call to action

You can end your essay by inviting the reader to take action or think about the topic in a different way. 

This will help them remember your essay and leave a lasting impression. 

Here’s an example of an essay conclusion on the topic of climate change.

In conclusion, the urgency to address climate change has never been greater. The overwhelming scientific evidence, coupled with the increasing frequency of extreme weather events and ecological disruptions, highlights the dire consequences of our current trajectory. The causes of climate change, primarily the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and rapid industrialization, require immediate attention and action. However, the solution lies not only in individual efforts but also in collective responsibility and global cooperation.

Essay Checklist

To make sure that your essay is well-structured, coherent, and effectively communicates your ideas, here’s an essay checklist.

Essay Element



- Does the title accurately reflect the content of the essay? 

- Is the title interesting and attention-grabbing?


- Does the introduction provide a clear and concise overview of the topic? 

- Does the introduction provide enough background information on the topic?

- Does the introduction include a thesis statement that clearly states the main argument or point of the essay?

Body Paragraphs

- Do the body paragraphs have clear and concise topic sentences that relate to the thesis statement? 

- Are the body paragraphs well-organized and logically structured? 

- Does each body paragraph have enough supporting evidence to back up its main point? 

- Are there smooth transitions between each paragraph?

Evidence and Examples

- Are all sources properly cited and referenced? (in-text citation style check) 

- Is the evidence used to support the argument relevant and credible? 

- Are there enough examples to support the main points?


- Does the conclusion restate the thesis statement in different words?

- Does the conclusion provide a clear summary of the main points discussed in the essay? 

- Does the conclusion provide any final thoughts or suggestions on the topic?


- Is the language appropriate for the intended audience? 

- Is the tone of the essay appropriate for the intended audience? 

- Is the level of detail appropriate for the intended audience?

Grammar and Spelling

- Are all words spelled correctly? 

- Are there any grammar errors or awkward sentences? 

- Is the essay written in the correct tense and point of view?

Formatting and Presentation

- Is the essay formatted correctly according to the required style guide? - Are there any formatting errors, such as incorrect margins or spacing? - Is the essay structure coherent and easy to read?

Word Count

- Does the essay meet the required essay length? 

- Is there any excess content that needs to be removed to meet the required word count? 

- Is there any insufficient content that needs to be added to meet the required word count?

Examples of Writing an Essay  

By examining examples of writing an essay, you can significantly enhance your own writing skills and approach.

Read a few how to write an essay samples here!

Tips for Effective Writing

Essay writing can be made quite easy with the help of the following tips!

  • Start writing your essay early

It’s best to start writing your essay as soon as possible. This will give you more time to develop your ideas and ensure the essay meets all the criteria. 

It also gives you the opportunity to go back and edit if needed. 

  • Keep the essay question in mind throughout 

Keep the essay question in mind throughout the writing process. This will help ensure that your argument is on track and that all points you include are relevant to the topic. 

  • Don’t try to write an essay from beginning to end

It can be difficult to write an essay from start to finish. Instead, focus on one point or section at a time and gradually build up the structure of your essay. 

This will also make it easier for you to go back and revise if needed. 

  • Ensure to write the introduction and conclusion after the body

The introduction and conclusion are the most important parts of your essay. 

It’s best to write these after you’ve finished writing the body of your essay, as this will give you a better understanding of your argument.

  • Use 'signpost' words in your essay

Signpost words are important for helping the reader transition from one point to another. 

These include words such as “however”, “therefore”, and “finally” that help guide the reader through your essay. 

  • Incorporate your evidence carefully

When introducing evidence into your essay, make sure to cite it properly and explain how it supports your argument. 

This will help the reader understand why you chose to include the evidence and how it impacts your overall point. 

  • Edit your first draft extensively

Before handing in your essay, it’s important to revise and edit. Read through your paper multiple times, looking for spelling and grammar errors you may have missed. 

This will help ensure that your essay is polished and error-free. 

  • Put the essay aside for a few days

Once you’ve revised your first draft, it’s best to put the essay aside for a few days. This will help you come back with fresh eyes and spot any errors or issues that may have been missed.

Follow these tips to learn how to write an essay and get the most out of your essay writing! 

Check out this video below for more information.

Essay Writing Topics

Writing essays can be a great way to express your thoughts, explore new topics, and practice writing. Here are some essay-writing topics you can explore: 

  • Discuss the issue of climate change and how it has impacted our planet in recent years
  • Analyze the role technology plays in our lives and its impact on society
  • Examine the impact of social media on our relationships
  • Analyze the effects of racism and how it has been addressed in recent years
  • Describe the importance of education and the role it plays in society today
  • Discuss the issue of poverty and its impact on people around the world
  • Analyze how gender roles have changed in recent years
  • Assess the impact of globalization on the economy
  • Examine how technology has changed the way we communicate
  • Analyze the effects of media on our culture and values
  • Explain the importance of critical thinking and its role in decision making
  • Discuss the impacts of global warming and strategies to reduce it 

Expert Tip

Need more topics? Click on this link to read 250+ essay topics for students!

Now that you know how to write an essay, it's time to put your skills to the test. Take a look at some of our tips and examples, then outline and write your own essay. 

Don't forget: if you get stuck, is always here to help. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best way to approach essay writing?

The best way to approach essay writing is to plan ahead and structure your ideas before you start writing. 

Start by researching the topic, outlining your points, and gathering any evidence or sources you will need to support your argument.

What are some tips for writing a good essay?

Some tips for writing a good essay include avoiding clichés or overused phrases and focusing on one main point per paragraph. Try ending each paragraph with a conclusion that ties it back to your thesis. 

Additionally, make sure to proofread and edit your work before submitting it.

How long should my essay be?

The length of your essay will depend on the assignment, but a good rule of thumb is at least three to five paragraphs for shorter essays and five to seven paragraphs for longer essays. 

However, always follow the instructions given by your instructor or professor. 

Cathy A.


Cathy A. (Marketing, Literature)

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

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