Caleb S.
Caleb S.

How to Write Poetry: A Beginner's Guide

11 min read

Published on: Aug 30, 2022

Last updated on: Jan 31, 2024

how to write poetry

Do you want to learn how to write poetry? 

Perhaps you have an idea or emotion you want to express, but you're not sure how to put it into words. Maybe you've tried writing poetry before but found it challenging to convey your message in a meaningful way. 

Whatever your reasons may be, you've come to the right place!

In this blog, we'll explore the art of poetry writing and offer tips and techniques to help you craft your own poems. 

We'll cover the basics of how to write poetry writing, along with some examples for readers.

So why wait? It’s time to write!

Order Essay

Tough Essay Due? Hire Tough Writers!

On This Page

What is Poetry? 

Poetry is a form of artistic expression that uses language to evoke emotion, paint vivid imagery, and convey complex ideas. 

It is often characterized by its use of literary devices such as metaphors, similes, and imagery, as well as its attention to sound and rhythm.

At its core, poetry is a way of playing with language to create something that is both beautiful and meaningful.

While it can take many forms, all poetry shares a common goal of communicating something that is difficult to express through traditional prose.

How to Write Poetry?

If you've ever wanted to try your hand at writing poetry but don't know where to start, you're in the right place. 

Follow the steps given below to write a perfect piece of poetry.

Read Poetry and Explore Different Forms

One of the best ways to learn how to write poetry is by reading it. 

Read a wide range of poets and styles to get a sense of what appeals to you and what techniques they use. 

This can help you to identify different forms, structures, and themes that you might want to explore in your own work.

Choose the Type of Poetry

Poetry has different types, and because of this, if you want to write a specific kind of poetry, you have to be familiar with the various forms.

  • Narrative - This type of poem depends on the short story. Narrative poems have events and other elements like characters, setting, and plot and require strong narration.
  • Lyrical - A lyrical poem is a type of poetry that takes the form of a song. This type describes a certain feeling, state of mind, or scene.  
For example, the Road Not Taken by Robert Frost and My Last Duchess by Robert Brow.

Choose Your Form

Poetry can take many forms, from traditional sonnets to more contemporary free verse. 

Choosing a form that you feel comfortable with or experimenting with different forms can help you to find what works best for you.

Forms of Poetry 

Different forms of poetry include:

  • Sonnet - It is a structure that has 14 lines. It is a rhymed poem. 
  • Acrostic - In this structure, the first letter of each line together forms a word according to a theme and creates a puzzle for deep meaning. 
  • Limerick - It is a structure that has five lines where only the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme. The rhyme scheme is AABBA.
  • Haiku - It is a Japanese poem structure of 3 lines. In this structure, the first and the last line has five syllables. 
  • Free Verse - There are no rules in this structure, giving writers the freedom to write anything.
  • Couplet - This is a short poem in which there are only two lines that rhyme. 
  • Epic - This structure follows a narrative-style poem in which the accomplishments of the heroes are celebrated. 

Usually, people who just start writing poems follow the free verse structure. You can start by reading Walt Whitman to see examples for free verse type!

Use Sensory Language

Poetry is all about creating an emotional connection with the reader. 

Use vivid and descriptive language that engages the senses to create a mental image or evoke a feeling.

For example, instead of saying, "The sunset was pretty," You might say, "The sky was awash with a kaleidoscope of colors as the sun slowly dipped below the horizon.

Experiment with Literary Devices

Literary devices such as metaphors, similes, personification, and imagery can add depth and meaning to your poem. 

Play with the sounds of words, such as alliteration and assonance, to create a musical effect.

Literary Devices 

Here are some common literary devices used in poetry:

  • Metaphor: "Life is a journey" 
  • Simile: "Her eyes are as blue as the ocean" 
  • Personification: "The wind whispered secrets in my ear" 
  • Imagery: "The sun set behind the mountains, painting the sky with shades of pink and orange" 
  • Alliteration: "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers" 
  • Assonance: "The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain" 
  • Onomatopoeia: "The bees buzzed around the flowers" 

Avoid Cliches

Cliches are overused phrases or expressions that have lost their original meaning and impact. They can make your poetry seem unoriginal and dull. 

To avoid cliches, try to come up with fresh and original ways of expressing your ideas. Instead of using a tired phrase, think about what you're trying to say and find a unique way to say it.

For example, instead of writing "as cold as ice," you could write "as frozen as a lake in winter."

Refine What You Have Written:

Once poetry is written in draft form, it's important to go back and refine it. 

This means looking at a draft of your poem with a critical eye. Make revisions to improve its structure, language, and meaning. 

Here are some tips for refining your poetry:

  • Read your poem out loud: This can help you identify awkward phrasing, repetition, or other issues that might not be apparent when you're reading silently.
  • Cut unnecessary words: Poetry is all about precision, so be ruthless with the editing of your poem. Remove any words or phrases that don't contribute to the meaning or flow of the poem.
  • Experiment with line breaks and stanza breaks: Changing the structure of your poem can have a big impact on its meaning and impact. Try breaking up long lines or stanzas into shorter ones, or vice versa.
  • Consider your word choices: Are there any words that don't quite fit the tone or meaning of your poem? Look up synonyms or try out new words to see if they improve the poem.
  • Get feedback: Share your poem with others and ask for constructive criticism. Consider the feedback you receive. But ultimately, remember that the poem is yours, and you have the final say on how it should be written.

Order Essay

Tough Essay Due? Hire Tough Writers!

Elements of Poetry 

Poetry is often characterized by its use of various elements, which contribute to the overall effect of the poem.

Some of the key elements of poetry include:


Rhythm refers to the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem. It helps to create a sense of flow and movement and can also affect the mood and tone of the poem.


"Iambic pentameter, a rhythm so grand,
Ten syllables per line, like waves on the sand."

There are three essential components of rhythm in poetry:


The poem's sound refers to the way words are pronounced and how they create a particular effect or atmosphere. 

It involves the use of techniques such as alliteration, assonance, and onomatopoeia to create musicality and enhance the overall sensory experience for the reader.


Whispering winds through weeping willows,
Silent and soft, the secret echoes.
Murmuring melodies, melancholy and mild,
A gentle breeze that sighs, a lullaby.

In this example, various sounds are employed to create auditory effects:

Red — "w" and "wh" sounds in "whispering winds," "weeping willows," and "whispering" evoke a gentle and hushed tone.

Blue — "s" sounds in "silent and soft" and "secret echoes" contribute to a soothing and serene atmosphere.

Purple — "m" sounds in "murmuring melodies" create a melodic and musical quality.

Orange — "b" and "t" sounds in "gentle breeze" provide a delicate and breathy effect.


Rhyme refers to the repetition of similar sounds at the end of two or more words, typically in the final syllable.

It can help to create a sense of unity and coherence in a poem and also contribute to its musicality.


"I walked along the shore so fair,
Feeling the sand beneath my bare."


Meter refers to the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. It establishes the rhythmic structure of the poem. 

A common meter is iambic pentameter, which consists of five pairs of unstressed and stressed syllables. 




Format refers to the physical arrangement of the poem on the page, including its line breaks, stanzas, and other visual elements. 

It can help to create a particular effect or enhance the overall meaning of the poem.


  • A haiku, a form so concise,
  • Three lines capture nature's slice.
  • Five, seven, five, a strict device.

Literary Devices 

Literary devices are creative techniques employed by poets to enhance the meaning, imagery, and impact of their work. 

These devices can include metaphors, similes, personification, alliteration, and many others. 


Here's an example of alliteration from Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven":

Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary...

The repeated "w" sound in "weak" and "weary" creates a haunting and melancholic tone, emphasizing the narrator's emotional state.

Poetry Examples

To provide you with a better understanding of the multiple structures of poems and types, below are the examples:

  • Haiku Poem - “Sick on a Journey” by Basho
  • Free Verse Poem - “ A Supermarket in California” by Allin Ginsberg 
  • Limerick Poem - “The Marriage Of Poor Kim Kardashian” by Salman Rushdie
  • Epic Poem - “The Song of Hiawatha” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • Acrostic Poem - “Alexis” by Nicholas Gordon
  • Sonnet Poem - “Sonnet 116” by William Shakespeare 
  • Couplet poem - “Cooper’s Hill” by John Denham 

You can also check out how to write poetry examples here:

Tips for Writing Good Poetry 

Learn how to write a poem with some tips here:

  • Write with all your senses: Poetry is not just about what you see or hear but also about what you smell, taste, and feel. Try to incorporate all of your senses into your writing to create a rich and immersive experience for the reader.
  • Use unconventional imagery: While traditional imagery can be effective, sometimes the most powerful poems come from using unconventional or unexpected imagery. Think about objects or experiences that are not typically associated with poetry and try to find a way to use them in your writing.
  • Use repetition: Repetition can be a powerful tool in poetry, emphasizing key ideas or creating a rhythmic pattern. Try repeating certain words or phrases throughout your poem to create a sense of unity and cohesion.
  • Focus on the details: A good poem often focuses on small, specific details that can illuminate a larger truth or emotion. Instead of writing about a broad idea, try to focus on specific themes and details to make it more personal and relatable.
  • Read widely: Reading widely and exposing yourself to different styles and forms of poetry can help you develop your own unique voice and style. Don't limit yourself to one genre or time period - read everything from classic sonnets to contemporary spoken word poetry.

Writing poems can be great for developing writing skills and thinking outside the box. It helps you look at things differently and describe them poetically in a wonderful and unconventional manner. 

However, if you are not asked to write it for your academics, write poetry as a hobby to give yourself a different thinking dimension. If you require any guidance, feel free to visit Get professional essay writing help for all sorts of academic writing.  

Plus, for those looking to explore cutting-edge technology, don't forget to try our AI essay writer

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the 5 elements of a poem?

The five elements of a poem are: 

  • Voice 
  • Sound 
  • Syntax 
  • Rhythm 
  • Meter 
Caleb S.


Caleb S. (Literature, Marketing)

Caleb S. has extensive experience in writing and holds a Masters from Oxford University. He takes great satisfaction in helping students exceed their academic goals. Caleb always puts the needs of his clients first and is dedicated to providing quality service.

Caleb S. has extensive experience in writing and holds a Masters from Oxford University. He takes great satisfaction in helping students exceed their academic goals. Caleb always puts the needs of his clients first and is dedicated to providing quality service.

Paper Due? Why Suffer? That’s our Job!

Get Help Top-class writers are here! Get Help!

Keep reading