Cathy A.
Cathy A.

Types of Expository Writing - Tips & Examples

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Published on: May 12, 2020

Last updated on: Feb 24, 2024

Types of Expository Writing

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An expository essay is used to explain the topic logically. Moreover, it is considered a way of conveying the information or message to the reader. Keep in mind; such an essay is without any emotion or opinion.

There are six main expository essay types, and each has a different purpose. It is important to understand them before start writing your expository essay. Have a look at this blog to get a clear idea of the types of expository writing list with examples.

Expository Writing Definition

Expository writing is a type of essay where the writer explains or investigates a specific subject. This type of expository writing includes essays, newspaper articles, textbooks, manuals, and other writing forms. Moreover, it is also different from other forms of writing, like fiction and poetry.

Keep in mind; you have to explain everything in detail while writing an expository essay. Here, the writer assumes that the audience has little or no background information about the topic.

This writing type depends on how well you describe or inform the reader about the particular subject. Thus, use the words that clearly show what you are discussing rather than telling the reader what has been discussed. The clarity of words in expository writing is essential, and it is considered the writer’s main skill.

Types of Expository Writing

Expository writing has different genres, and it depends on the goal of the writer. Each type has its purpose for writing. There are many different types of expository essays that you can choose to write on.

The following are the most popular types of expository writing:

Types of Expository Writing -

Cause and Effect Essay

In cause and effect expository writing, you have to describe why something has happened and its effects. This type of essay is built on the consequences or effects of something. They can be either positive or negative.

Moreover, the cause and effect essay gives the reader a clear relationship between the two subjects. The main goal is to provide supporting evidence and demonstrate the cause and effect relationship between the two ideas. The results in the body paragraphs can be based on assumptions but must be valid.

Such types of essays are common in literary essays or social studies reports. Check out the given example to understand better.

Problem and Solution Essay

In a problem-solution essay, the writer provides an analysis of the problems and their solution. The best method of writing this essay is to offer numerous solutions and highlight their pros and cons. Here, a writer has to justify the solutions and show how they can be implemented. Lastly, you can present your recommendations based on the solution.

The problem-solution essay has four components:

  • Situation
  • Problem
  • Solution
  • Evaluation

Have a look at the following example to get a better idea.

Comparison and Contrast Essay

The compare and contrast essay is based on finding the similarities and differences between two or more subjects. A good way of writing this type of college essay is to choose the right theme for making your comparison.

For Example:

You can explore the similarities and differences between the two political personalities. For this, compare and contrast their education, skills, and behavior towards people.

Check out the given file to get a detailed example of writing this essay.

Definition Essay

In a definition essay, you have to give a complete description of the topic. Moreover, this essay is all about what, why, and how of the essay topic. Here, you have to describe a place, event, concept, or experience that is appealing to the reader’s five senses.

Furthermore, such an essay requires the writer to describe something in-depth by adding your perspective. Ensure to use controversial words in your writing piece to make it strong.

The following is an example for you to write this type of essay.

Classification Essay

In the classification essay, you have to divide the essay topic into different categories and groups. It must be based on each category’s predefined criteria. Moreover, you have to explain the categories in detail.

Such an essay type is useful to study the unique features of a particular thing. For a good classification essay, a writer must choose a topic that can be easily divided into smaller or more defined groups.

Have a look at the following example to get a clear idea.

Process Essay

The process essay tells you about a task and the method to complete it. Similarly, it involves a step-by-step guide to making or doing something.

For Example:

Suppose you have to write the process essay on how to make tea. First, address the problem and then explain the main steps involved in making tea.

Check out the following examples to get a comprehensive understanding.

Types of Expository Writing Examples

An expository essay explains the topic with facts and research. Here are some types of expository essay examples that can help a lot in the writing process.

Tips for Expository Writing

Here are some easy tips for expository writing for you to write an amazing essay.

  • It is not mandatory to start writing with the introduction.
  • It is better to create the outline first.
  • Be clear and concise so that your essay should not confuse readers.
  • Support your topic with facts, data, and authentic sources.
  • Think about your audience before starting writing the essay.
  • Gather data from reliable sources written by experts.
  • Create a strong thesis statement.
  • Make a list of interesting examples for illustrating the key points.
  • Proofread and edit the essay before submitting it.

The guide mentioned above will help you understand these expository essay types.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the five elements of expository writing?

The five elements of expository writing are: 

  • Organization 
  • Thesis Statement 
  • Transitions 
  • Evidence and Examples 
  • Conclusion 

How do you end an expository paragraph?

The following are the steps that will help you to end the expository paragraph: 

  • Summarize the entire essay. 
  • Provide a strong closing of the essay. 
  • Restate the thesis statement. 
Cathy A.


Cathy A. (Literature, Marketing)

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

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