Cathy A.
Cathy A.

Cause and Effect Essay - Complete Guide With Examples

10 min read

Published on: Mar 13, 2020

Last updated on: Jan 3, 2023

cause and effect essay writing

On This Page On This Page

There are several essay types that students have to write as their assignments for almost every academic level. No matter which field you belong to or which subject you are studying, all high schools, colleges, and university students are bound to write essays.

Writing essays polish your skills to write, observe, evaluate, and interpret information. Cause and effect essay is a common type of essay that requires a writer to look deeply into the matter and identify its results.

If you are a student who is assigned to write a cause and effect essay, it is essential to understand its significance and have a firm grip on its writing process. This article is written to guide students on what a cause and effect essay is and how it is written.

Continue reading to learn everything about drafting an impactful cause and effect essay.

Your first order with us is FREE!

Order Now
Order Essay

Cause and Effect Essay Definition

Cause and effect essay is a piece of writing styled as rhetorical that studies and discusses the events or concepts and their results. This essay is structured around the goal of exploring events that lead to certain outcomes.

When writing a cause and effect essay for academics, it is essential to deeply research specific causes and why those causes lead to certain results. Because of this, cause and effect is also known as reason and result essay.

The cause and effect essay that you draft can do one of the following two things:

  • It can study the ways in which one or multiple effects are observed from a specific cause
  • It can study the ways in which one or more causes lead to a certain effect

Depending on the topic and the writer’s preference, either of the methods can be used to draft a cause and effect essay.

Like every other essay, this essay type also requires the writer to understand the topic and its structure. Your content will be effective if you have enough knowledge about the subject matter and the essay structure.

Cause and Effect Essay Structure

The organization of ideas and information is one thing that makes your essay understandable and attractive. Without the proper structure, your essay will be a collection of raw data which will be useless for the readers.

If you want to put sense and meaning to the gathered facts, organize your information in a proper cause and effect essay outline. The outline will logically divide information and will make the content readable and understandable for the readers.

A cause and effect essay format have 5 traditional paragraphs, which includes:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body Paragraph 1
  3. Body Paragraph 2
  4. Body Paragraph 3
  5. Conclusion

All the researched and gathered information is divided among these sections to provide a structure to your document.

If you have decided to use focus-on-effects or focus-on-causes method, draft your outline accordingly.

Structure for a focus-on-effects method for your cause and effect essay:

IntroductionHook Connecting
Thesis Statement
Body Paragraph 1Effect 1
Body Paragraph 2Effect 2
Body Paragraph 3Effect 3
ConclusionRestated Thesis Statement

Structure for a focus-on-causes method for your cause and effect essay

IntroductionHook Connecting
Thesis Statement
Body Paragraph 1Case 1
Body Paragraph 2Case 2
Body Paragraph 3Case 3
ConclusionRestated Thesis Statement

Your first order with us is FREE!

Order Now
Order Essay

How to Start a Cause and Effect Essay?

In order to write professionally, you can not jump to the writing process of your essay instantly. A good cause and effect essay requires strong planning and execution to be properly drafted. Students often get confused about the starting of an essay. Here’s how to start your cause and effect essay:

  • Choose a topic
  • Select a technique
  • Develop a thesis statement
  • Conduct research
  • Organize the data

In order to effectively take each prewriting step, it is important to understand it thoroughly.

  1. Choose a Topic

    The first and foremost step to take when drafting an essay is to come up with a good topic. The importance of a topic in your cause and effect essay can not be underestimated. Choose a good topic that you think is interesting enough to write an essay on.

    The best way to pick a topic for your cause and effect essay is to analyze your interests and the audience. Write something you are passionate about and make sure that the audience is interested to know about it as well.

  2. Select a Technique

    Once you have a topic in hand, select a technique through which you will address it and will structure your essay. Some of the topics will be drafted using focus-on-effects or focus-on-causes technique while others can use block or chain methods.

    A block or chain method studies the effects and causes simultaneously. According to the block structure, all the causes are discussed first while the effects are given afterward. For a chain structure, every cause if followed by its effect.

    Both of these techniques help in drafting a professional cause and effect essay. Although, a block structure is used for essays that are shorter in length while a chain method works the best for longer ones.

  3. Develop a Thesis Statement

    When you have a topic in hand you will know what stance to take over it. Your stance will be the major thesis statement on which the whole essay will be drafted. Forming a strong thesis statement is essential for creating an effective essay.

    All of the body paragraphs will be drafted to support this major argument so it should be really meaningful and strong.

  4. Conduct Research

    Once you have decided on your thesis statement, start collecting information to back it up. Conduct extensive research to gather facts and supporting evidence in order to prove the thesis statement.

    It is important to keep in mind that the information gathered should be from credible sources. Consult sources like journals, books, and research papers for authentic and credible information.

  5. Organize the Data

    The collected raw information needs to be arranged in a proper structure in order to be understandable. Divide all your information into the introduction, body, and conclusion sections. Make sure to organize and discuss the ideas professionally in the content to make it impactful.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay?

After planning the essay and taking all the required pre-writing steps, move on to the writing process. Follow the writing procedure provided below to draft a compelling cause and effect essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Introduction

The first section to draft is the essay’s introduction. This part will be the first thing that the reader will be reading so it should be interesting. If you want your audience to read the entire document, the introduction should be well-drafted.

An introduction contains the following information:

  • Hook statement
  • Precise and relevant information
  • Thesis Statement

An introductory paragraph starts using a hook statement to grab the reader’s attention. This statement can be a fact, anecdote, funny information, or statistics, depending on the nature of the topic.

After providing a catchy hook statement, give some relevant background information about the topic. Make sure to not reveal important facts and only give away the introductory information.

At the end of the introduction section, the thesis statement is provided. This is to let the audience know why the specific essay is drafted and what to expect from the writing.

Keep in mind that the purpose of the first section is to introduce the topic. Keep it simple yet informative to motivate the readers to read the whole essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Body Paragraphs

After drafting the essay introduction, write the body paragraphs. The body of your cause and effect essay will contain all the gathered information that will be supporting your main thesis statement.

Structure your body paragraphs according to the chosen method or technique. All the paragraphs in the body section should contain the following things:

  • Topic sentence
  • Explanation
  • Examples
  • Transition words

Each paragraph in the body section is started with a topic sentence. It is an opening sentence of the paragraph in which the main point is stated that is to be discussed in that specific paragraph.

Next, explain the point made in the topic sentence. If you have stated a cause, elaborate it and discuss providing facts. Alter your course of action according to the structure. Support the point made in a topic sentence with strong evidence and logical examples.

One element that makes cause and effect essays different from other types is the frequent use of transition words. The transition words are used to tie the whole discussion together and to maintain a smooth flow in the content.

Cause and Effect Essay Conclusion

The conclusion section of a cause and effect essay is drafted like that in other types of essays. It includes a summary of the strongest points in the content and a restated thesis statement.

The purpose of restating the thesis statement is to remind the audience of the writer’s main stance and how it is proved. Close your discussion by providing suggestions, opinions, and CTAs.

Proofread and Edit the Essay

Once you have written your essay, proofread it at least twice to make sure that the content is flawless. Recheck every small detailing such as spelling mistakes, vocabulary, grammar, punctuation, structure, and tone to make sure that you have drafted a perfect piece.

Make edits if required before submitting your cause and effect essay to the instructor.

Cause And Effect Essay Examples

When writing a cause and effect essay for the first time, it is recommended to go through a few examples. It will help you understand the structure and how to use a method effectively.

The following are some of the great cause and effect examples free to use.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Choosing a good topic for an essay is mandatory. A good topic allows the writer to draft a successful essay. When students have several assignments due they can not spend time thinking and coming up with a great topic.

To help students decide on a good theme for their essays, a list of ideas is provided below.

  • The impact of using social media and other social networks on a child’s academic performance.
  • Impact of playing violent video games on a child’s psychology
  • Causes and effects of depression in the United States
  • How does human behavior influence the climate?
  • Causes and effects of advertisement on the brand image
  • How reality-based TV shows impact the behaviors of teenagers.
  • How physical activities influence mental health
  • Causes and effects of deforestation
  • The impact of having an emotional support animal on mental health
  • How does negative publicity influence a person’s image?

Choose a topic from the list if you are in a writer’s block and cannot think creatively.

Your first order with us is FREE!

Order Now
Order Essay

Tips to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Learning the correct writing process for your essay is not enough. There are some additional elements that professionals use to create a perfect document.

To help you draft yours correctly, expert essay writers of have provided some tips and tricks to follow.

  • Choose a topic that is significant and important to you and for your reader.
  • Mind-mapping is essential so brainstorm creative ideas before collecting information.
  • Identify the purpose of your assignment and keep in mind the whole time while drafting the essay.
  • Use strong supporting evidence collected from credible sources.
  • Make sure to work according to the outline provided and avoid adding irrelevant information.
  • Proofread your essay thoroughly to make your essay flawless.
  • Use plagiarism checkers to ensure the originality and authenticity of your content.

Learning the basic writing and outlining process is essential if you wish to score well. If your outlining is accurate, the writing process of your cause and effect essay will become way easier.

Many students face difficulties while drafting essays as they have a plethora of assignments to deal with. So spending a lot of time on one assignment is not an option for them which makes them provide low-quality work.

If you are in a similar situation and are not being able to meet the deadlines, get professional assistance. is a professional writing company that provides quality services and assistance to students. Whether you require help in writing a simple narrative essay or a complex college essay, expert writers at can provide high-quality assistance.

In order to get help from our experienced and qualified writers, place your order today. Avail amazing discounts and offers to get custom essays and papers in no time.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is it important to know cause and effect?

Knowing what cause and effect scenarios are is helpful to students. They should understand that there's always an event responsible for the consequence it brings about, one of which can be known as a "cause." Creating analytical thinkers with this ability will help them solve complex problems in their lives or work. 

What is the main purpose of a cause and effect essay?

The purpose of the cause and effect essay is to determine how various phenomena or events affect one another. 

Cathy A.


Cathy A. (Literature, Marketing)

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

Keep reading