Cathy A.
Cathy A.

Cause and Effect Essay - Complete Guide With Examples

14 min read

Published on: Mar 13, 2020

Last updated on: Jul 20, 2023

cause and effect essay writing

On This Page On This Page

Do you find it difficult to identify and explain the connections between events and their outcomes in your writing? 

Many students struggle with identifying strong cause and effect relationships or organizing their ideas in a clear and logical way. This can lead to frustration, poor grades, and a lack of confidence in their writing abilities.

However, with the right guidance and approach, students can master the art of cause and effect essay writing. 

By breaking down the process into manageable steps and learning how to analyze and communicate connections effectively. 

In this blog, we'll provide you with tips and tricks to master the art of cause and effect essay writing and achieve academic success.

So let’s get started!

What is a Cause and Effect Essay? 

According to the Cause and Effect Essay Definition:

“A cause and effect essay is a piece of writing style as rhetorical that studies and discusses the events or concepts and their results.” 

This essay is structured around the goal of exploring events that lead to specific outcomes. 

When writing a cause-and-effect essay for academics, it is essential to deeply research specific causes and why those causes lead to certain results. Because of this, cause and effect is also known as a reason and result essay.

Purpose of Writing a Cause and Effect Essay

The cause-and-effect essay that you draft can do one of the following two things:

  • It can study the ways in which one or multiple effects are observed from a specific cause
  • It can study the ways in which one or more causes lead to a certain effect

Depending on the topic and the writer’s preference, either of the methods can be used to draft a cause-and-effect essay.

Like all types of essay, this also requires the writer to understand the topic and its structure. Your content will be effective if you have enough knowledge about the subject matter and the essay structure.

Cause and Effect Essay Outline 

If you want to write a good cause-and-effect essay, it is easy to do if you create an outline first. 

An outline is like a plan for your essay. It will help make your essay effective because the basic structure of an essay is its outline. 

Here is a format of cause and effect essay outline for your ease.


  • An attention-grabbing hook statement
  • Background information
  • State the thesis statement

Main Body
Variant 1

  • Cause 1 
  • Cause 2
  • Effect 1
  • Effect 2

Variant 2

  • Cause 1 
  • Cause 2
  • Effect 1
  • Effect 2


  • Summarize the entire essay
  • Not add new points 

Expert Tip

Want to learn how to create a proper outline for your next cause and effect essay? Read out this blog on cause and effect essay outline!

Cause and Effect Essay Structure

Without the proper structure, your essay will be a collection of raw data, which will be useless to the readers. 

There are two types of structures for cause-and-effect essays:

  • Focus-on-effects
  • Focus-on-causes method

Focus-on-Effects Structure 

Structure for a focus-on-effects method for your cause-and-effect essay:

IntroductionHook Connecting
Thesis Statement
Body Paragraph 1Effect 1
Body Paragraph 2Effect 2
Body Paragraph 3Effect 3
ConclusionRestated Thesis Statement

Focus-on-Causes Structure 

Structure for a focus-on-causes method for your cause-and-effect essay:

IntroductionHook Connecting
Thesis Statement
Body Paragraph 1Case 1
Body Paragraph 2Case 2
Body Paragraph 3Case 3
ConclusionRestated Thesis Statement
Order Essay

Paper Due? Why Suffer? That's our Job!

How to Start a Cause and Effect Essay?

To write professionally, you can not jump to the writing process of your essay instantly. A good cause-and-effect essay requires substantial planning and execution to be properly drafted. 

Here’s how to start your cause-and-effect essay:

  • Choose a topic
  • Select a technique
  • Develop a thesis statement
  • Conduct research
  • Organize the data

To take each prewriting step effectively, it is vital to understand them thoroughly. 

  1. Choose a Topic

    The first and foremost step to take when drafting an essay is to come up with a good topic. The importance of a topic in your cause and effect essay can not be underestimated. Choose a good topic that you think is interesting enough to write an essay on.

    The best way to pick a topic for your cause and effect essay is to analyze your interests and the audience. Write something you are passionate about and make sure that the audience is interested to know about it as well.

  2. Select a Technique

    Once you have a topic in hand, select a technique through which you will address it and will structure your essay. Some of the topics will be drafted using focus-on-effects or focus-on-causes technique while others can use block or chain methods.

    A block or chain method studies the effects and causes simultaneously. According to the block structure, all the causes are discussed first while the effects are given afterward. For a chain structure, every cause if followed by its effect.

    Both of these techniques help in drafting a professional cause and effect essay. Although, a block structure is used for essays that are shorter in length while a chain method works the best for longer ones.

  3. Develop a Thesis Statement

    When you have a topic in hand you will know what stance to take over it. Your stance will be the major thesis statement on which the whole essay will be drafted. Forming a strong thesis statement is essential for creating an effective essay.

    All body paragraphs will be drafted to support this significant argument, so it should be meaningful and strong. 

  4. Conduct Research

    Once you have decided on your thesis statement, start collecting information to back it up. Conduct extensive research to gather facts and supporting evidence in order to prove the thesis statement.

    It is important to keep in mind that the information gathered should be from credible sources. Consult sources like journals, books, and research papers for authentic and credible information.

  5. Organize the Data

    The collected raw information needs to be arranged in a proper structure in order to be understandable.

    Divide all your information into the introduction, body, and conclusion sections. Make sure to organize and discuss the ideas professionally in the content to make it impactful.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay Step by Step?

After planning the essay and taking all the required pre-writing steps, move on to the writing process. Follow the writing procedure provided below to draft a compelling cause-and-effect essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Introduction

The first section to draft is the essay’s introduction. This part will be the first thing that the reader will be reading so it should be interesting. The introduction should be well-drafted if you want your audience to read the entire document. 

An essay introduction contains the following information:

  • Hook statement
  • Precise and relevant information
  • Thesis Statement

An introductory paragraph starts using a hook statement to grab the reader’s attention. This statement can be a fact, anecdote, funny information, or statistics, depending on the nature of the topic.

After providing a catchy hook statement, give some relevant background information about the topic. Make sure to not reveal important facts and only give away the introductory information.

At the end of the introduction section, the thesis statement is provided. This is to let the audience know why the specific essay is drafted and what to expect from the writing.

Keep in mind that the purpose of the first section is to introduce the topic. Keep it simple yet informative to motivate the readers to read the whole essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Body Paragraphs

After drafting the essay introduction, write the body paragraphs. The body of your cause-and-effect essay will contain all the gathered information that will support your main thesis statement.

Structure your body paragraphs according to the chosen method or technique. All the paragraphs in the body section should contain the following things:

  • Topic sentence
  • Explanation
  • Examples
  • Transition words

Each paragraph in the body section is started with a topic sentence. It is an opening sentence of the paragraph in which the main point is stated that is to be discussed in that specific paragraph.

Next, explain the point made in the topic sentence. If you have stated a cause, elaborate on it and discuss providing facts. Alter your course of action according to the structure. Support the point made in a topic sentence with strong evidence and logical examples.

One element that makes cause and effect essays different from other types is the frequent use of transition words. The transition words tie the whole discussion together and maintain a smooth flow of the content.

Cause and Effect Essay Conclusion

The conclusion section of a cause and effect essay is drafted like that in other types of essays. It includes a summary of the strongest points in the content and a restated thesis statement.

The purpose of restating the thesis statement is to remind the audience of the writer’s main stance and how it is proved. Close your discussion by providing suggestions, opinions, and CTAs.

Proofread and Edit the Essay

Once you have written your essay, proofread it at least twice to make sure that the content is flawless. Recheck every small detail such as spelling mistakes, vocabulary, grammar, punctuation, structure, and tone to make sure that you have drafted a perfect piece.

Make edits if required before submitting your cause and effect essay to the instructor.

Cause And Effect Essay Examples

When writing a cause and effect essay for the first time, it is recommended to go through a few examples. It will help you understand the structure and how to use a method effectively.

The following are some of the great cause and effect examples free to use.

Good Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Choosing a good topic for an essay is mandatory. A good topic allows the writer to draft a successful essay. When students have several assignments due, they can not spend time thinking and coming up with a great topic.

A list of ideas is provided below to help students decide on a good theme for their essays.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics About Education 

  • What is the role of social media in education? 
  • How to improve the educational system of charter schools?
  • How does a college education offer better life?
  • The effect of poverty on the educational development of children.
  • What effect do fine arts have on students?
  • The main causes of bullying in educational establishments. 
  • Effect of online schooling on students 
  • The positive effect of professional education
  • Good education and its effects
  • Homeschooling has negative effects on kids  

Cause and Effect Essay Topics On Social Media

  • The impact of social media and other social networks on a child’s academic performance. 
  • The impact of addiction to social media on kids
  • Why are teenagers most affected by social media?
  • How excessive use of cell phones affects teenagers?
  • Influence of social media on youngsters.
  • What are the benefits of social media?
  • How can social media make us feel great about ourselves? 
  • Spending too much time on social media
  • Good use of social media
  • What are the effects of being on social media?

History Cause and Effect Essay Topics 

  • What were the causes and effects of colonialism?
  • The causes and effects of World War II
  • The role of ancient Rome and Greece in history
  • Women’s employment during the Great Depression.
  • Discuss the effects of the civil rights movement.
  • How did Abraham Lincoln affect American history?
  • History of taxes. 
  • What are the reasons for globalization? 
  • The culture of colonization and subcultures. 
  • American and Uk history

Politics Cause and Effect Essay Topics 

  • What is the cause and effect of political correctness?
  • Describe the politics of Putin against the neighboring states.
  • The political decisions lead to high hostilities
  • Personal religious beliefs and political opinions
  • Causes and consequences of the U.S. government’s efforts
  • Putin's politics against the neighboring countries
  • What is the cause of increased militancy?
  • The political drawbacks of declaring war on Iraq
  • What affects countries’ decisions on immigration?
  • The political decisions lead to the high hostilities

Social Occurences Cause and Effect Essay Topics 

  • Impact of playing violent video games on a child’s psychology
  • Causes and effects of depression in the United States 
  • How does human behavior influence the climate?
  • Causes and effects of advertisement on the brand image
  • How reality-based TV shows impact the behaviors of teenagers. 
  • How physical activities influence mental health
  • Causes and effects of deforestation 
  • The impact of having an emotional support animal on mental health
  • How does negative publicity influence a person’s image?
  • What are the main causes of police brutality?

Expert Tip

You are in writer’s block and cannot think creatively? Check out this cause and effect essay topics blog!

Tips to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Learning the correct writing process for your essay is not enough. There are some additional elements that professionals use to create a perfect document.

To help you draft yours correctly, expert essay writers of have provided some tips and tricks to follow.

  • Choose a topic that is significant and important to you and for your reader.
  • Mind mapping is essential, so brainstorm creative ideas before collecting information.
  • Identify the purpose of your assignment and keep it in mind the whole time while drafting the essay.
  • Use strong supporting evidence collected from credible sources.
  • Make sure to work according to the outline and avoid adding irrelevant information.
  • Proofread your essay thoroughly to make your essay flawless.
  • Use plagiarism checkers to ensure the originality and authenticity of your content.

You can also check out this video for a complete guide on cause and effect essay:

Learning the basic writing and outlining process is essential if you wish to score well. If your outlining is accurate, the writing process of your cause and effect essay will become way easier.

Many students face difficulties while drafting essays as they have a plethora of assignments to deal with. So spending a lot of time on one assignment is not an option for them which makes them provide low-quality work.

Get assistance from our AI writing tool if you are in a similar situation and cannot meet the deadlines. is a professional writing company that provides quality services and assistance to students. Expert writers can provide high-quality assistance if you require help writing a simple expository essay, narrative essay, or complex college essay. 

In order to get help from our experienced and qualified writers, place your order today. Avail of amazing discounts and offers to get custom academic writing service in no time. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is it important to know cause and effect?

Knowing what cause and effect scenarios are is helpful to students. They should understand that there's always an event responsible for the consequence it brings about, one of which can be known as a "cause." Creating analytical thinkers with this ability will help them solve complex problems in their lives or work. 

What is the main purpose of a cause and effect essay?

The purpose of the cause and effect essay is to determine how various phenomena or events affect one another. 

How do you end a cause and effect essay?

In order to summarize your essay, you must include cause-effect points. These should be reminders of how each idea ties into the whole and helps make sense of what was written before.

Cathy A.


Cathy A. (Literature, Marketing)

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

Keep reading