Cathy A.
Cathy A.

Analytical Essay - Writing Guide With Examples

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Published on: Jan 25, 2020

Last updated on: Jan 3, 2023

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A student’s academic life requires them to draft several types of assignments. The major type of assignment is that students get to write essays. Whether you are a high school, college, or university student, you will have to draft essays.

With the changing academic level, the nature and complexity of essay writing also modify. An analytical essay is a complex form of writing that a college or university student often gets assigned.

If your writing and analyzing skills are not amazing, you will find difficulty in drafting this type of essay. Learning the art to write this essay effectively and professionally requires practice and knowledge of the topic.

This blog is written to provide basic information about analytical essay writing. Continue reading the article to learn the definition and the writing process of an analytical essay.

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What is an Analytical Essay?

An analytical essay is defined as a document written analyzing any form of work. It deeply studies and analyzes the message and effectiveness of the creator’s work. An analytical essay is much more than just a synopsis.

This writing type goes beyond the simple analysis and looks into the key arguments and points carefully. Writing an analytical essay means that you will be studying the work very closely by assessing the author’s message.

When drafting this essay, the writer does not provide a summary of the work. Rather focus on providing a deep insight into the themes in work.

Unlike other essay types, the writer does not aim to persuade the audience from his writing. It only studies the already existing work and its impact on the audience.

Generally, an analytical essay has two types; literary and critical analysis essays. A literary analysis essay studies the literature work and its significance.

In contrast, a critical essay analyzes the text critically according to the writer’s perspective.

How to Start an Analytical Essay?

A good essay requires a plan on which the writer works to produce strong content. Without a plan, the writer will not have a paved path to walk on. A professional writer never wanders in his writing. And the reason is that he always has a plan for what he does.

In order to start your analytical essay, create a plan for it. The following are the steps involved in starting and planning your analytical essay:

If you have a strong strategy and plan for your essay, it will be effective for sure. In order to make sure that each step is taken correctly, we shall discuss them in detail.

  1. Choose a piece of work

    The first step is to choose a piece of work on which you have to draft your analytical essay. An analytical essay can be drafted for any form of work. Be it a piece of literary writing or a film.

    If you have not assigned something to draft this essay, choose what fascinates you the most. An in-depth analysis will be required to choose the work accordingly.

  2. Read and understand the content

    If you have chosen a document or writing to create an essay, read it thoroughly. Understand each and every aspect, including the message and purpose of the content. It is advised to read the content at least twice to understand each and every detail. Moreover, highlight points that you find important and take notes while reading to make sure that everything is analyzed.

  3. Understand the Literary Devices Used

    While reading and taking notes from the work, identify the literary devices used by the author in the content. Determine their purpose and effectiveness to make your analytical essay even more impactful.

    The basic literary devices include:

    • Imagery
    • Symbolism
    • Metaphor
    • Foreshadowing
    • Flashbacks
    • Motif
    • Allegory

    Identify the use of literary devices by the author to persuade the readers and their effectiveness.

  4. Choose a topic for your essay

    Now that you have understood the text and gathered all the important information, choose a topic for your essay. Keeping in mind the original text and your interest, come up with a strong topic.

    Make sure that your topic reflects the text as well as your stance on it. Make it interesting and catchy to grab the reader’s attention.

  5. Develop a thesis statement

    A thesis statement is the main stance of the writer. It is the writer’s argument about the selected text. The thesis statement should explicitly present the stance so that the reader instantly understands what your essay is about.

    The entire content of your analytical essay will be backing this thesis statement using information from the original text. Develop a strong thesis statement to make your essay informative and effective.

  6. Conduct research

    Your analytical essay should be informative and insightful. For this purpose, gather information from external sources as well. Study other credible works of authors that are relevant to your theme.

  7. Organize the data

    Once you have understood the work and gathered relevant information, organize it according to the outline. Divide the information among its different sections and provide meaning to your collected raw data.

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How to Write an Analytical Essay?

Now that you have a solid plan for your essay start the writing process. The writing procedure will be easier for you as you know what to produce in the content. The following are the steps to write a good analytical essay.

  1. Analytical Essay Introduction

    Draft the first section that is the introduction of the analytical essay. The introductory paragraph of your essay motivates the reader to read your essay, so it should be informative and interesting.

    An analytical essay introduction contains the following information:

    • A catchy hook statement
    • Background information on the topic or an issue
    • Thesis statement

    Start off your introductory paragraph with a catchy opening sentence. This sentence is known as a hook that is used to grab the reader’s attention toward the essay. According to the topic, write a hook statement to make your essay introduction interesting.

    After the opening sentence comes brief background information on the topic. This introduces the topic and the purpose of your essay. Make sure not to reveal too much in your introduction. Save the strong points for the body section.

    By the end of your introduction, provide the thesis statement. This will let the audience know what to expect from the essay content.

  2. Analytical Essay Body Paragraphs

    The main body of your essay will be based on 3 to 4 paragraphs. Each body paragraph will consist of a specific point that will be supporting the thesis statement of the essay.

    Each body paragraph includes the following elements:

    • A topic sentence
    • Analysis
    • Evidence

    A topic sentence is a statement from which you start your body paragraph. This sentence is based on a particular point of view made to back the main argument of the essay. A topic sentence is written to let the readers know what that specific paragraph is about.

    After the topic sentence, provide your analysis of the point. Elaborate on the point by providing explanations and details. You can back up your analysis by quoting references from the original text or by using frequent examples.

    In order to keep the body of your essay smooth, use transition words. These words will maintain a logical connection between the ideas.

  3. Analytical Essay Conclusion

    The body of your analytical essay paves the path for the conclusion. The conclusion is the last section that provides a final verdict on the discussion. In section, include the following information:

    • Paraphrased thesis statement
    • Summary of the major points
    • Concluding comments

    Restate your thesis statement in the concluding section to remind the reader of the major argument of the essay. Moreover, the conclusion is written summarizing the main points mentioned in the content. In the end, give your final thoughts about the discussion. This can be done by stating the importance of the topic by connecting it to the larger issue.

  4. Proofread And Edit

    After completing the writing process, revise and recheck the essay. Proofread at least twice to make sure that your content is free from mistakes and errors. Recheck the facts that you stated and make sure the in-text citation is done correctly.

    Never submit your document without revising it. Make sure that the content has no punctuation, grammatical, vocabulary, spelling, or other mistakes.

Analytical Essay Outline

Every essay follows a structure in order to be effective and understandable for the readers. Similarly, an analytical essay also needs an outline to be properly structured and formatted. This essay type is written using the basic essay outline of 5 paragraphs. According to this outline, there are the following sections included:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body Paragraph 1
  3. Body Paragraph 2
  4. Body Paragraph 3
  5. Conclusion

All the gathered information for the content needs to be divided among the introduction, body, and conclusion sections. Creating an essay outline will provide a pathway for the readers and a framework for the writer.

Analytical Essay Examples

Students require examples to help them draft their essays effectively. The examples let the writers understand the structure and the presentation of the information. Following are some of the analytical essay examples that will assist the students in writing strong essays.

Analytical Essay Topics

Choosing an interesting theme or specific topic for your essay is essential. If you want readers to read and enjoy your work, make sure that you select an exciting topic.

A key to writing a successful analysis paper is to select the right topic. Coming up with the right topic can be challenging, especially when you are in writer’s block.

Professional writers at have gathered a list of interesting topics to help you draft your analytical essay.

Following is the list of some engaging analytical essay topics:

  • The use of drugs in different sports
  • The popularity of graffiti and street art
  • Music and its impact on health
  • Character analysis of Romeo in Shakespeare’s play
  • Critical analysis of the event when Romeo drank poison
  • Horror movies and their influence on a child’s psychology
  • The impact of reality shows on human psychology
  • How phobias shape human personalities
  • Why do all teenagers like to write a compare and contrast essay?
  • Research paper on animal testing and how to avoid it
  • Why do ants live in colonies?
  • Why do people have different eye colors?
  • Why do some people appear to be bi-sexual?
  • The difference in the novel and movies of the Harry Potter
  • Influence of multicultural families on the child’s growth

Pick a tick from the list and impress your readers.

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Analytical Essay Writing Tips

Students often look for tips and tricks to make their monotonous writing compelling. The following are the tips provided by the expert essay writers of to make your analytical papers winning.

  • The thesis statement of your analytical essay should be arguable.
  • Your essay outline should be clear and understandable. All the information in the essay should be clearly arranged in the introduction, body, and conclusion parts. Moreover, if you have used external sources, provide a work cited page as well.
  • Keep in mind to frequently use transition words to keep a logical flow in the essay.
  • Avoid using long descriptions and explanations of the theme, ideas, or other elements.
  • Provide an unbiased and neutral portrayal of facts and points
  • Use direct quotations or information from the original text to back up your argument
  • Avoid oversimplifications and generalizations
  • Use other sources of information in your essay but do not let them dominate the original text.
  • Avoid quoting everything you took from the text. Only quote points that can not be paragraphed.
  • Cite your sources properly using the selected format. For example, if you have chosen an MLA, APA, or Harvard style to draft your essay. Use the citation style accordingly.
  • Your essay should be written keeping in mind the guidelines and requirements.

Writing an analytical essay requires a writer to have good understanding and evaluating skills. Not every student who is assigned this essay type has the ability to provide a perfect draft. People who do not have a keen eye when going through a document fail to provide high-quality analytical essays.

If you are one of them or simply can not write your essay because you have several assignments due, take professional assistance online. is an essay writing service that provides custom and high-quality services to the students.

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What is the purpose of an analytical essay?

An analytical essay is less broad than a summary, but it explores an idea or process in greater depth. The writing of an analytic piece involves critical thinking about some literary text to increase understanding.

What is included in an analytical essay?

Here are some main things that you should include in your analytical essay. 

  • Thesis statement 
  • Analysis of the topic 
  • Strong evidence to support the analysis 
Cathy A.


Cathy A. (Literature, Marketing)

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

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